The international climate negotiations resumed today in Bonn on a coup de theatre. Christina Figueres Executive Secretary of framework Convention on climate change stated that the date 2012 deadline, which marks the end of the first commitment period of the States to reduce their own emissions under the Kyoto Protocol could not be respected. "Even if States were able to agree on a legal text for a second period of commitments, it would amend the Kyoto Protocol, which requires ratification by the parliaments of three fourths of the parties, we must therefore assume that there is not enough time between Durban and the end of 2012," said Christiana Figueres.
The Kyoto Protocol is the only text in the world that commits the Governments of developed countries to reduce their CO2 emissions by 5 over a period between 2008 and 2012 relative to observed in 1990. Developing countries have not agreed, but should, according to the convention text on climate change, an inventory of their CO2 emissions and to implement policies aimed at limiting the growth of their emissions. "Europe has repeated on several occasions that it wishes to subscribe to a second commitment period, but it poses a number of conditions, specifically the question is which" stated Christina Figueres. Emissions Europe.
Since three years, the international negotiations fail to find a diplomatic solution to materialize a future engagement of the large developing countries, including the Brazil the India and China's CO2 emissions have risen at the rate of economic growth. In this perspective, the Japan, the Russia and the Canada, which had ratified the Kyoto Protocol for the first commitment period, refuse to subscribe to a new as long as the major developing countries will, too, did not sufficiently firm promises.
In December 2009 in Copenhagen, heads of State from around the world were not reached an agreement, but promised to implement a funding long-term $ 100 billion per year to help developing countries to put in place policies to reduce their CO2 emissions.
Christina Figueres said out loud what negotiators believe any lower for months. But this observation is all the more difficult to accept that the latest statistics of the International Energy Agency (IEA) have shown that CO2 emissions in the sector of energy, industry and transport achieved in 2010 the highest level in history (30.6 gigatons), or an increase of 5 versus 2008, previous record year.
Recognize that it will be impossible to find a suite to the Kyoto Protocol without a transition period will be to awaken the consciences of the heads of State in the upcoming negotiations in Durban, South Africa next November Artur Runge-Metzger, Chief negotiators European is not very optimistic. For him, it may take to "build on 2014 or 2015" to reach a global agreement on climate to gather around the table the major emitters.
Formally, the head of the United Nations and the European negotiator are expressed before the journalists. The start of the discussions is delayed since the beginning of the afternoon by claims made by some countries. The Saudi Arabia requests including requests for financial compensation on the reduction of oil consumption to be taken into account. The Bolivia, it continues its policy of blocking the negotiations and require that the title of a chapter on the forest to be modified.