Edmond Dantès is the most universally famous masked Avenger. Under his assumed name: Monte-Cristo, count of his State. The story is known: former wrecked his ship and his life, share for all those who by calumnious information sent him languish in a Dungeon of the castle of yew in Marseille Harbour. Dantès strikes on all points: money, love, success. Yet, the Avenger wondered. Does it not abuse the situation How far his stance is legitimate Is there not some sheer scale to invoke divine justice
Revenge is one of the major themes of world literature, the same as the love and war. Or rather, it is one of the springs. "Dangerous Liaisons" (1782), Choderlos de Laclos tell a missed cabal. The two heroes, the vicomte de Valmont and marquise de Merteuil, undertake the seduction of a young naive woman, Cécile Volanges, and Ms. de Tourvel, a virtuous woman, playing his sensitivity more than his intelligence a lack of taste in the eyes of Libertines. Sex, sexuality, the donjuanisme Finally, the revenge, as soon as the matter goes wrong, are at the heart of this epistolary story. Vengeance, it is a platitude is consubstantial life. It often arises from the humiliation of the persecuted and the cruelty of tormentors was born vengeance. The popular "Viper in the fist" novel (1948) is one of the more sophisticated forms, because it is double. Jean, said Brasse-Bouillon, venge of his mother Folcoche (remarkably performed once by Alice Sapritch in a Telefilm of Pierre Cardinal) and against the landed bourgeoisie. The author, Hervé Bazin, to venge of his own family, especially his uncle René Bazin, academician and monarchiste. "I am the one who can walk a Viper in the fist", wrote his grandnephew, Supreme victory, accesses the celebrity by this book. The family, the couple (Marcel Jouhandeau), are safe places for rehashing the hatred and mature revenge. Often, an oviparous is the appointment. After Bazin, of François Mauriac, "The crux of vipers" (1932), which reads always as well. History: an old man about to die, "the man that it did had not liked, one for that person in the world had suffered," épanche his heart, "the crux of vipers", in a vengeful letter to his wife. In this field, the writer of Malagar is unbeatable. How to resist an also nice theme at the heart of the human passions Shakespeare was one of the directors of revenge. "Othello" (1604), tragedy on criminal jealousy, the Moorish General in the service of Venice, is also the terrible result of revenge of a man flouted, embittered, Iago. "hamlet" (1601) is a succession of vengeance, a drama in the form of slaughter, Tarentino would all designated for film. These murders in cascade, with more or less than planning and deliberation, have a nice name beyond the Mediterranean: "La Vendetta" (1830), unknown title of one of the first stories of Honoré de Balzac, closer news Corsicans of Mérimée, "Colomba" (1840) and "mateo falcone" (1829). There is therefore not only "to the Kingdom of the Denmark that there is something pourri", as Hamlet.
Revenge may be the result of individuals simply outraged, with a high idea of good and justice. Without being victims themselves, they are working to restore a "just order". The two young English on the continent, Lucan and Zodine, heroines "Routes of revenge" of the Danish Karen Blixen, settle their account to Pennhallow pastor and his wife in the Languedoc countryside, having discovered the extent of their packages.
Revenge if it is not his term can lead to understanding and leniency. It is the only message of hope in this bloody cohort. "cinna" (1642), Crow, is there for us remembered. Emilie, adopted daughter of the Emperor Augustus, does not forgive the murder of his father. She asked the man who loves him and she loves, Cinna, avenge this blood crime. Cinna, also Adviser of the Emperor, accepted. Not without trouble. Auguste is about to give freedom to the Roman people. How justified which is no longer a tyrannicide The conspiracy is discovered and the Emperor gives her friendship to two young people, dazzled by both magnanimity. Happy end. Antiquity is an ideal framework for expressing confusion and ambiguity of feelings, duty, honour, forgiveness, bombast, rhetorical: root and "Phaedra" (1677), Euripides and "Hecuba" (424 BC)... Closer, Giraudoux and its modernized version of "electre" (1938), which is on the theme of justice and the purity using the classic theme of Oreste avenging the murder of her father Agamemnon by killing his mother Clytemnestra and her lover, Egisthe, on the instigations of Electre, sister. The universality of the vengeance does not doubt. It fits all. On land, on sea ("moby Dick", 1851, Melville), the comic mode ("Les Précieuses", 1659, Molière), philosophical ("the flies", 1943, Jean-Paul Sartre). In verse, prose. And, today, band drawn.